The five major world religions – John Bellaimey


Translator: Andrea McDonough
Reviewer: Jessica Ruby In all times and places in our history, human beings have wondered, “Where did we come from? What’s our place in the world? What happens to us after we die?” Religions are systems of belief that have developed and evolved over time in response to these and other eternal mysteries, driven by the feeling that some questions can only be answered by faith and based on an intuition that there is something greater than ourselves, a higher power we must answer to, or some source we all spring from and to which we must return. Hinduism means the religions of India. It’s not a single religion but rather a variety of related beliefs and spiritual practices. It dates back five millennia to the time of Krishna, a man of such virtue that he became known as an avatar of Vishnu, an incarnation of the god in human form. He taught that all life follows karma, the law of cause and effect, and our job is to do our duty, or dharma, according to our place in society without worrying how things turn out. When we die, we are reincarnated into a new body. If we followed our dharma and did our proper duty in our past life, we get good karma, which sends our soul upward in the social scale. Our rebirth into the next life is thus determined by what we do in this one. The wheel of rebirths is called samsara. It’s possible for a very holy person to lead a life with enough good karma to escape the wheel. This escape is called moksha. Hinduism teaches that everything is one. The whole universe is one transcendent reality called Brahman, and there’s just one Brahman but many gods within it, and their roles, aspects, and forms differ according to various traditions. Brahma is the creator, Vishnu is the preserver who sometimes takes on human form, and Shiva is the transformer, or Lord of the Dance. Durga is the fiercely protective divine mother. Ganesha has an elephant head and is the wise patron of success. Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world. And although most Hindus live in India, they can be found on every continent, one billion strong. Now, let’s travel west, across deserts and mountains to the fertile crescent about 4,000 years ago. Judaism began with God calling Abraham and Sarah to leave Mesopotamia and migrate to the land of Canaan. In return for their faith in the one true God, a revolutionary concept in the polytheistic world of that time, they would have land and many descendants. From this promise came the land of Israel and the chosen people, but staying in that land and keeping those people together was going to be very difficult. The Israelites were enslaved in Egypt, but God freed them with the help of the prophet Moses, who received the Ten Commandments and later hundreds more. They conquered the Promised Land, but could only keep it for a few hundred years. Israel sits at a crossroads through which many armies marched over the centuries. And in the year 70, the Romans destroyed the temple in their capital, Jerusalem. So, the religion transformed itself from a temple religion with sacrifices and priests to a religion of the book. Because of this, Judaism is a faith of symbolism, reverence, and deep meanings tied to the literature of its history. The many sacred scriptures make up the Hebrew bible, or Tanakh, and hundreds of written discussions and interpretations are contained in an expansive compendium of deeper meanings, called the Talmud. Jews find rich, symbolic meaning in daily life. At the Passover meal, every item on the menu symbolizes an aspect of the escape from slavery. The importance of growing up is emphasized when young people reach the age of bar and bat mitzvah, ceremonies during which they assume responsibility for their actions and celebrate the weaving of their own lives into the faith, history, and texts of the Jewish people. There are 14 million Jews in the world today, 6 million in Israel, which became independent following the horrors of genocide in World War II, and 5 million in the United States. But now let’s go back 2500 years and return to India where Buddhism began with a young prince named Siddhartha. On the night he was conceived, his mother, Queen Maya, is said to have been visited in her sleep by a white elephant who entered her side. Ten months later, Prince Siddartha was born into a life of luxury. Venturing forth from his sheltered existence as a young man, he witnessed the human suffering that had been hidden from him and immediately set out to investigate its sources. Why must people endure suffering? Must we reincarnate through hundreds of lives? At first he thought the problem was attachment to material things, so he gave up his possessions. He became a wandering beggar, which he discovered certainly made him no happier. Then he overheard a music teacher telling a student, “Don’t tighten the string too much, it will break. But don’t let it go too slack, or it will not sound.” In a flash, he realized that looking for answers at the extremes was a mistake. The middle way between luxury and poverty seemed wisest. And while meditating under a bodhi tree, the rest of the answer came to him. All of life abounds with suffering. It’s caused by selfish craving for one’s own fulfillment at the expense of others. Following an eight-step plan can teach us to reduce that craving, and thus reduce the suffering. On that day, Siddhartha became the Buddha, the enlightened one. Not the only one, but the first one. The Buddhist plan is called the Eightfold Path, and though it is not easy to follow, it has pointed the way for millions to enlightenment, which is what Buddhahood means, a state of compassion, insight, peace, and steadfastness. From the time he got up from under that tree to the moment of his death as an old man, the Buddha taught people how to become enlightened: right speech, right goals, a mind focused on what is real, and a heart focused on loving others. Many Buddhists believe in God or gods, but actions are more important than beliefs. There are nearly a billion Buddhists in the world today, mostly in East, Southeast, and South Asia. 2,000 years ago in Judaism’s Promised Land, Christianity was born. Just as Hindus called Krishna “God in Human Form,” Christians say the same thing about Jesus, and Christianity grew out of Judaism just as Buddhism grew out of Hinduism. The angel Gabriel was sent by the God of Abraham to ask a young woman named Mary to become the mother of his son. The son was Jesus, raised as a carpenter by Mary and her husband Joseph, until he turned 30, when he began his public career as the living word of God. Less interested in religiousness than in justice and mercy, Jesus healed the sick in order to draw crowds and then taught them about his heavenly father — affectionate, forgiving, and attentive. Then, he would invite everyone to a common table to illustrate his Kingdom of God, outcasts, sinners, and saints all eating together. He had only three years before his unconventional wisdom got him into trouble. His enemies had him arrested, and he was executed by Rome in the standard means by which rabble-rousers were put to death, crucifixion. But shortly after he was buried, women found his tomb empty and quickly spread word, convinced that he had been raised from the dead. The first Christians described his resurrected appearances, inspiring confidence that his message was true. The message: love one another as I have loved you. Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus in December at Christmas, and his suffering, death, and resurrection during Holy Week in the spring. In the ceremony of baptism, a washing away of sin and welcoming into the Christian community, recall Jesus’s own baptism when he left his life as a carpenter. In the rite of Communion, Christians eat the bread and drink the wine blessed as the body and blood of Jesus, recalling Jesus’s last supper. There are two billion Christians worldwide, representing almost a third of the world’s people. Islam began 1400 years ago with a man of great virtue, meditating in a mountain cave in the Arabian desert. The man was Muhammad. He was visited by a divine messenger, again the angel Gabriel, in Arabic, Jibril, delivering to him the words of Allah, the one God of Abraham. In the next few years, more and more messages came, and he memorized and taught them. The verses he recited were full of wise sayings, beautiful rhymes, and mysterious metaphors. But Muhammad was a merchant, not a poet. Many agreed the verses were indeed the words of God, and these believers became the first Muslims. The word Muslim means one who surrenders, meaning a person who submits to the will of God. A Muslim’s five most important duties are called the Five Pillars: Shahada, Muslims declare publicly, there is no other God but Allah, and Muhammad is his final prophet; Salat, they pray five times a day facing Mecca; Zakat, every Muslim is required to give 2 or 3% of their net worth to the poor; Sawm, they fast during daylight hours for the lunar month of Ramadan to strengthen their willpower and their reliance on God; and Hajj, once in a lifetime, every Muslim who is able must make a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca, rehearsing for the time when they will stand before God to be judged worthy or unworthy of eternal life with Him. The words of God, revealed to the prophet over 23 years, are collected in the Quran, which literally translates into “the recitation.” Muslims believe it to be the only holy book free of human corruption. It’s also considered by many to be the finest work of literature in the Arabic language. Islam is the world’s second largest religion, practiced by over one and a half billion Muslims around the globe. Religion has been an aspect of culture for as long as it has existed, and there are countless variations of its practice. But common to all religions is an appeal for meaning beyond the empty vanities and lowly realities of existence, beyond sin, suffering, and death, beyond fear, and beyond ourselves.

100 thoughts on “The five major world religions – John Bellaimey

  1. Those last words are so beautiful. We practice religion for ourselves coz we can never love others without loving ourselves first. All religions have different interpretations, but they share a common teaching – to be a wise and accepting human being.

  2. Hinduism didn't started with Krishna, Hinduism was way older than him. He was just a avatar of Vishnu, the Geeta (holy book) of Hindus is nothing but the conversationalist of him and Arjuna in the Mahabharata War.

  3. God is an astral artificial intelligence parasite being that splits itself into many faces and masks — it does not matter which religion they lead back to the same White Light harvester of soul energy.

    Angels and Demons play for the same team — Demons scare and herd people into the False Light.

    God needs to get off our money supply, out of our schools, and out of our government.

  4. Lord Buddha was born in lumbini,Nepal. Not in India.
    Buddha is pride of our country. And history can never changed .

  5. As an atheist i loved to see the patience of you guys here…May cosmic energy bless you

  6. As a muslims..I expected some sort of propaganda..But you just said what it is..Good job

    I wanna clarify to any islamophobe reading this comment..Please stop falling and sharing propaganda..Its not worth lying to yourself nor lie to others..I have debated tons of islamophobes,and they all got silenced..Make some research,then speak..You are being brainwashed by those who want geopoilitical advantage like ISIS,and those who count them true muslims,the media..

    How can we be terrorists,when our greeting is:As Salam u aleikum;(Trns)May peace be upon you..and the response to it has to be better as told by The Prophet(Saws)
    Wa alaikum salam,wa rahmetullahi,wa barakatuhu;
    (Trns)May peace,mercy,and blessings be upon you!

    Open your mind and heart..don't let em be corrupted

    Take care!

  7. Turning Point: Hindu Religious.

    Human's First Religious is "Asivaham". its made by nature (Linga). It's first God is Lord shiva. He is a first scientist (Sidha) or ruler. He speaks Tamil. (Note Tamil is oldest language in world).

  8. Btw am a Muslim we respect the other religions my friend is Christian we are like real friends and btw jesus in our religion islam said to be return when time come and people is corrupted we as muslims respect and marry anyone from the holy three books by the three messengers and btw musa stories are my lovely ones to my heart (Islam Christians Jewish )is our way to marry freely cause we have what we call peace and brotherhood with other religions

  9. Thank you for the informative video, it was a pleasant read. However, I just want to clarify that the main message of Christianity isn't just loving one another as Jesus loved us. It's more so focused on this:

    You have rebelled (sinned) against God and you deserve to be judged. Jesus (who himself is God) took your place in that judgement by dying on the cross and rose again 3 days later to defeat life and death. Trust in Jesus Christ and what He has done.

  10. learning about this is school rn and flexing because I'm the only one in the class that's been to the middle east

  11. This video is incomplete you forgot to mention the most important thing in Islam – "The martyrdom of Imam Hussain" The believers of Panjetan Pak (AS) .

  12. True religion is choosen,
    Not forced.

    Alhamdulillah proud to be Hanafi Muslim❤️

  13. I was so impressed by TEDEd, After watching this video I came to conclusion that TEDEd need to be more specific and clear, many smart people follow you, please avoid False claim's
    Islam is religion of Abraham, David, Solomon, Moses and Jesus, and Qur'an Command Muhammad to follow the same religion, it has confirmed in many places in Qur'an.
    Before making this video TEDEd has not gone through the religious scriptures basically, and came to conclusion that Islam began in 6th century.
    We Muslim believe on the basis of Qur'an which is revealed to the final Prophet Mohammed Pbuh, that first there was only one religion,
    People soon began to divided them in to sectors, later God has sent many messenger to call people towards oneness of God.
    Means there is only one religion rest are cults and sects.

  14. The transition between the Christianity segment and the Islam Segment at 8:26 sent Beyoncé weave to the heavens. Shookt.

  15. Do u have evidence that Buddhism grow out of Hinduism ? I don't think so this two had totally different ethics and philosophy

  16. "Wars are sacred for those who have to fight them, if people who started war didn't make them sacred who'd be foolish enough to fight?"
    -margaret mitchell
    The second we hate eachother and fight a war of difference elimination is the second we know we've lost the greatest cause of humanity: freedom
    My greatest respect to all personal beliefs and religions..
    And my love for all the people who stand side by side loving the fact that we are DIFFERENT and it's our right not a crime or terrorism

  17. Actually, hinduism is a practice and a way of living rather than a religion of people living extending from the bank of Indus river towards east. The persians designated the land around the Indus River as Hindu, a mispronunciation of the Sanskrit Sindhu.

  18. Why wasn’t Sikhism represented ? It’s one of the 5 largest religions and has a similar populous to Judiaism.

  19. I respect all the humans whether they follow any religion or atheist 🙏🙏🙏🙏🙏… World is a family…Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam.

  20. He described every religion according to Thier being in ascending order ie which came first has anyone noticed that???

  21. I was watching this video for school, and I went to check the comment section because I thought it’d be a mess.. I was wrong. So peaceful 😳🤭

  22. Narration is succinct yet comprehensive but budda was born in Nepal not India therefore his journey embarked from Nepal not India. He was enlightened under the fig tree in bodhgaya(india) you can say that.

  23. What about all native American and African cultures are their believes not considered religions?

  24. Jesus(pbuh) was born miraculously without male intervention and I think most of Christians also believe in it.. Don't they?

  25. The voice of the narrarator has alot to do with the calmness. He speaks about each one with respect and gives each one dignity. When you do not feel attacked you stay peaceful.

  26. Buddha was born in Lumbini,Nepal not in India … I've been watching your videos for years but i doubt you have done a good research . Million viewers are getting wrong knowledge!

  27. It’s into how much security and comfort faith can give, yet mirrored is the suffering of those outcast from it

  28. Jesus's unconventional wisdom didn't get him into trouble and wasn't the reason he was crucified🚫🚫🚫

  29. Advita Vedanta – one brahama

    If we see wood and human body both are created from cells further division we see atoms further division Neutrons, Electrons, Proton's (explained as Brahama (neutral), Vishnu (nourisher, positive) Shiva (Destroyer, negative).
    Further division comes quarks (sorry if I am wrong) further division gives us Brahama one thing which has created us all.

    That one smallest particle was defined as Brahama by ancient yogis.

    So there is nothing to fight.
    We are one
    Created from that similar particle.

  30. Judaism is not a major religion. Judaism is a very small extremely bizarre blood cult based on false beliefs of being "God's chosen people" Judaism should not be categorized with the other real major religions. There are many other religions larger than Judaism. Judaism is from Hebrews who copied the Egyptians who copied the Sumerians. Jews are not a religion. Jews are a race, a way of life, a nation, a political movement but not really a pure religion.

  31. There is a mistake in 4:25. Buddha was born in Nepal not India. This is the true truth. Make corrections.

  32. I learned more here about my own religion than I have learned watching tv debates over then past 2 decades. No religion in it’s purest form teaches malice. It’s always the crooked interpretations & the politically motivated who distort it beyond recognition.

  33. i believe you should've given a chance for Zoroastrianism to be mentioned as well. As it was one of the predecessor of the monotheistic beliefs, dating back before Judaism. Perhaps Judaism took some parts of it.

  34. Christianity is not a religion. It is based on the historical resurrection of Jesus Christ. If Jesus is religion the Alexander the Great, Napoleon, Etc and very other historical figure are religions

  35. Correction : Islam did not begin 1400 yrs ago, in fact our Prophet peace be upon him came that time, when ppl of Makkah had ascribed partners to the one Lord ie ALLAH.
    Whenever ppl made partners to the creator,spread corruption the creator sended prophet as from the start of creation to the final messenger. SIMPLE
    Islam was practised by the first man adam at the start of creation.

  36. Sanantha darma or Hinduism is founded by unknown thousands of enlightened humans……
    Githa is an extension of Upanishads……
    It is not a religion.

  37. Btw recent discoveries showed that the people working to make the pyramids were not slaves, but payed workers.

  38. I might be an atheist but I love all religions and believe it’s a way of life nevertheless I don’t believe religion’s “stories” are true

  39. Just came here from a video about the development of a salamander from its zygote. The comment section was full of people pushing religious beliefs. But here? People have found peace, and have become more open minded.

  40. I am a Muslim and I am very happy in my life, my religion makes me happy that I followed the provisions, and I can help those who want to be a Muslim, and I advise you to watch zakir naik lectures in YouTube …
    Love you My friends💙

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