What is Cultural Appropriation?


The winner is…. Marlon Brando in The Godfather. On March 27th 1973 Apache and Yaqui actress
and activist Sacheen Littlefeather ascended the stage at the Academy Awards. Amidst a mixture of cheers and boos from the
evening’s attendees, Littlefeather read a portion of a prepared statement on behalf
of that year’s best actor winner, Marlon Brando. She declined the award on Brando’s behalf,
stating his reason for turning his back on Hollywood’s highest honor: the movie industry’s
continued misrepresentation of Native American people in film. Littlefeather was there in his stead to draw
attention to the American Indian Movement and to shine light on the issue of cultural
appropriation in film. Cultural appropriation. Although the phrase and the practices it describes
are familiar to most of us, it can feel ambiguous. And that’s primarily because while inappropriate
or offensive uses of other cultures are often quite obvious, the subtleties of the conversation
are usually drowned out by protests that appreciation cannot be appropriation. The actual phrase “cultural appropriation”
first appeared in print in 1945 attributed to the late professor Arthur E Christy, and
it’s been a topic of very heated debate ever since. As a term, cultural appropriation has its
roots in the latter half of the 20th century with its highest usage coming after 1980. Although the concept of stealing or misusing
a culture was on our collective radar form the 19th century onwards. And marginalized groups have been speaking
up against cultural appropriation that either diminishes or sidelines the contributions
of the people who created certain practices. But at the heart of these conversations are
three daunting and often amorphous concepts: First, what even is culture? How does power operate in relationship to
culture? And what are the boundaries between participating
versus appropriating another culture? So before we get into the debate of whether
or not culture can be appropriated and misused, we should start with the basics, namely: what
is culture? Well as a cultural historian myself, I’m
going to tip my hat to 20th century theorist Raymond Williams’ 1976 definition of culture. According to Williams, our modern use of
culture exists largely under three main umbrellas: First there are the “intellectual and spiritual
and aesthetic development” realms of culture that encompass shared ideologies and beliefs. This is probably the least tangible portion
of culture. Two good examples are the concepts of a shared
faith or patriotism. Both have a fixed set of values and ideas
attached to them, and can inspire cultural production. But they are also ideologies that exist even
if they aren’t being actively enacted. So you can feel patriotism, even when you’re
not actively performing a ritual that displays it. Just like you can experience shared faith,
even when you are not engaging in religious ceremonies. Then there’s the portion of culture that
covers the shared way of life of a defined group of people (meaning the way that a fixed
group interacts and lives in accordance with their common ideologies). This can be very specific, like the shared
lifestyle of one finite group of people, or extremely expansive, like a shared reality
that extends between all of humanity. So (as far as we know) all humans share the
earth. All humans, in order to survive, must eat. But the way we live on earth, whether in a
large city or in a rural community, is defined by the people were are directly engaging with
on a daily basis. And the third and final category of culture
that Williams describes (and the one we’ll talk about the most today) is related to shared
creative and artistic productivity. This includes the art, literature, music,
films, songs, and general representation of a given culture or group of people. Cultural production is the most concrete portion
of culture because it gives us objects and often physical items to look at and engage
with. So although this all may seem a bit dense,
it’s helpful to think about culture like a series of concentric circles radiating
outward. from the center. And you’re the center. In the first circle are the things closest
to us, like ideologies, because they exist largely in our minds. Then we have shared ways of life or things
that we engage in with the people directly around us. And in the farthest circle is cultural production,
or the objects, artworks, and creations that express our culture and that we shuttle out
in to the world. And being farthest away from the center, that’s
also the sphere most prone to traveling far away from its original context and therefore
being taken up elsewhere. And now that we’ve briefly waded through
the waters of what exactly culture is, you’ve probably found the underlying connective tissue
of these three spheres. Namely that culture is shared…and big and
constantly occurring. Plus it’s a bit like language because it
needs a collective of people to make a shared meaning. So often when people argue against the existence
of cultural appropriation, the basis of the argument is centered on culture’s shared
nature, since something that is shared isn’t owned by one particular person. But there’s a weakness in this argument
of ownership that stems from the way we think about possession. Some forms of ownership are rather straightforward
and therefore easier to understand. If you go out and purchase a car, you have
sole ownership of the car and are entitled to all of its benefits (like faster and more
convenient transportation) in addition to all of its drawbacks (like pesky car repairs). But ownership of culture doesn’t operate
that way because it belongs to the group that the culture stems from, and not one discrete
person or persons. And as professor Susan Scafidi notes in her
book “Who Owns Culture?” there are legal challenges when thinking of
discrete ownership in relationship to cultural products. Legal protections like copyright or trademarking
rely on a stable cultural product with a set number of creators. Like a song with a fixed list of songwriters. But culture is constantly evolving and changing. So Scafidi warns that patenting an idea that
is shared among a group “may provoke ossification of a culture and its artifacts.” But despite the difficulty of codifying cultural
ownership in legal terms, there are ways that culture can be appropriated or misused once
it’s divorced from its original context. People who are against believing that cultural
appropriation even exists often say that America is a “melting pot” of
various cultures, and therefore no one should be allowed to lay ownership to any particular
form of expression. As Scafidi also notes:
“Indeed, the tension-filled history of American immigration and even internal migration indicates
that the cultural products of others are often easier to accept and assimilate than the individuals
(or huddled masses) themselves.” And that’s because people’s admiration
for the cultural products they consume (like music, art, literature, and fashion) can exist
quite separately from the real world treatment of the people whose culture they’re appropriating
from. Because at the heart of cultural appropriation
isn’t just a cultural object, but power. Appropriation happens when you have a position
of power or are a member of a dominant culture who is able to take the parts of a marginalized
culture that you enjoy; divorce them from their original meaning; and use them for entertainment
value without considering their original context or having to deal with the negative ramifications
that someone from that culture would have to deal with as a result of that same action. So while it may seem benign to the person
who is extracting and enjoying the culture, the resulting damage can have real
world implications for the people whose culture has been misrepresented or misused. So let’s return to the 1973 Academy Awards. Although, in large part, Sacheen Littlefeather’s
disruption of the ceremony and Marlon Brando’s absence were meant to draw attention to the
specific issue of Native American representation in film, the longer statement that the actor
released after the broadcast pointed to larger cultural issues. Brando wrote in the full statement that was
published in newspapers after the ceremony that his decision wasn’t only about the
movies being made and the way that Native American cultures had been appropriated and
distorted, but also the real world issues that arose from this systematic mischaracterization. Of Littlefeather’s appearance at the award
show: “Perhaps at this moment you are saying to
yourself what the hell has all this got to do with the Academy Awards? Why is this woman standing up here, ruining
our evening, invading our lives with things that don’t concern us, and that we don’t care
about? ….. I think the answer to those unspoken
questions is that the motion picture community has been as responsible as any for degrading
the Indian and making a mockery of his character, describing him as savage, hostile and evil. It’s hard enough for children to grow up in
this world. When Indian children watch television, and
they watch films, and when they see their race depicted as they are in films, their
minds become injured in ways we can never know.” Brando also noted that at the time the 1973
Oscars were occurring, the town of Wounded Knee, South Dakota had been occupied by American
Indian Movement members, who were met with military forces. The town also has historical significance because it’s
the site of the Wounded Knee Massacre of 1890, where an estimated 150-300 Lakota Sioux were
killed by US troops. So the decision to represent Native American
cultures in movies as inherently violent and untamable also served as a way of appropriating
culture and misaligning history. To Littlefeather and Brando’s point: the
pleasure American audiences got from watch old Westerns didn’t outweigh the damage
caused by cultural appropriation and misrepresentation. So what do you think? Have anything to add to this theoretical minefield? Any other details and stories to tack on to
this winding road? Drop those comments down below since I’ll
be following along and answering some of them. And this episode is evidence of that because i have to give a shout out and thank you to Rico
Fly on Youtube who asked after our episode on tattooing if I could cover the history
of cultural appropriation. I hope I answered some of your questions here
today and that you guys liked the video! And if you guys want to keep seeing more of
Origin then make sure you subscribe on Youtube and follow us on Facebook! That’s it for this week Originauts, and I’ll
see you here next time!

100 thoughts on “What is Cultural Appropriation?

  1. Hey people! Just touching base to say I'm following along with your comments and I'm pretty impressed (as always) with the thoughtful tone everyone on this channel takes when thinking about challenging topics. You've raised a lot of good points. Keeping in mind that the episodes are only around 10 minutes long, there's still so much more we can cover! Keep the comments coming and hats off to you wonderful nerds for your assistance in giving me ideas of what a second part of this episode might look like!

    -Danielle

  2. Cultural appropriation is nothing but leftist ideology bs. People now days would rather feel victimized and oppressed. Its like it gives them "life points".

  3. That book 📚 shelf is everything 😍 wonder if it’s in stores

  4. All culture has “appropriated” !! All cultures are more similar than non similar and that’s because knowledge is spread. As much as groups want exclusiveness, culture belongs to all of humanity.

  5. Ok then, please don't dye hair red or blonde (or straighten it) bc you will be appropriating white people.

  6. I find it interesting that the video starts off with Marlon Brando who was of German, Dutch, English, and Irish ancestry portrayed an Italian as the head of a crime family, and there was no mention of cultural appropriation.

    In the movie the Godfather, Italians were demonized as criminals and murderers, yet the same level of outrage does not exist in the Italian community, when compared to other cultures. Why?

    What about Max Martin, who is Swedish and one of the biggest song writers. Should Usher and the Weekend stop singing the songs he wrote for them?

    If a Japanese Guy marries a girl from Jamaica, can they eat Ackee and SaltFish with chopsticks?

    If the girl then gets divorced and marries an Italian guy, do they still call it SaltFish or should they call baccala instead?

    When Jamaicans began immigrating to Toronto in the 1970s, many of them shopped in Italian Grocery stores, which had food which was not sold in typical 'WASP' grocery stores, like tripe and 'baccala'.

    Was this cultural appropriation? Should the Italian shop keepers have denied them?

    Culture is not specific to any one group. It changes and should be shared. Culture overlaps in so many areas, adding additional rules makes the situation far worse, not better.

    We need to share our cultures. Not a problem if a guy from Iran eats pizza and I love my Shawarma and sushi. I no longer have my Nehru Jacket, but I still have my Kimono from a trip to Japan.

  7. I don't understanding this concept well or how some cultural appropriation is opposed in the West & some is celebrated.
    For example, a "tikli" (the decorative either stuck or drawn on the forehead between the 2 eyebrows ubiquitous among Indian women) is not allowed to be worn by western women but a muslim headscarf can be as part of some hijab day. I personally find a "tikli" beautiful no matter if it's worn by Indian/Hindu women or girls or those in the West, I'd call it cultural appreciation & most Indians would appreciate such things. It's unfortunate coz when I was a kid I saw Gwen Stephanie wear a "tikli" & I immediately fell in love with her, I thought she looked very pretty & probably till then I hadn't seen any non Indian wear a "tikli" before. But a while back I heard there was some controversy over either Selena Gomez or Katy Perry wearing one which was disturbing since it was being said that western women shouldn't wear it. I see it rather as arrogant that a common Indian decorative that even little girls wear isn't good enough for western women instead of how they try to portray it as "protecting" Indian culture by not allowing to spread among non Indians which seems quite regressive, illiberal & narrow minded.

  8. so basically its if someone makes a joke about a culture e.g im irish and if people call me a alcholic its culture apropriaction or am i getting it all mixed up?

  9. People are looking for excuses to get offended. I call it first world problem. Vote Republican and get rid of this nonsense

  10. Is it culturally appropriate to dye hair blonde if you're black because it is a European way and a major part of culture in Europe? Just wondering because of a bunch of heat that's going on with media. Btw I'm not black, I'm just wondering. Not meant to hate whatsoever im genuinely curious what people on scocial media think

  11. I’m still not sure I get it. I can see how culturally misrepresentation is damaging and I think most people would agree. But where does appropriation come in exactly? If someone from outside of a culture creates and accurate representation of said culture is that appropriation and if so why is is harmful? Furthermore does adopting pieces of a culture count as appropriation and if so why is it harmful to incorporate these things? Personally I think that it is the miss representation that is the problem and so cultural appropriation seems like an odd concept. If this miss representation that I am describing simply is all that cultural appropriation refers to then please forgive my ignorance and I’ll be on my way. If not, can someone please learn me what’s going on 🙂

  12. I am sorry for anyone who gets offended but I don't think cultural appropriation exists,
    first of all, not everyone is offended by it just bc a portion of people from the cultural background disagrees doesn't mean other people can't use their culture in a respectful e.g. wear their clothing and eat their food.
    second of all, I am from a different culture that other people do wear my clothes and eat my food, even though I joke about it I think that having my culture represented in a western society makes me honoured that I was from this culture, I think sharing our culture makes us less racist. We can teach our children about other cultures they have an easier time communicating with people and making new friends.

  13. What if your culture doesn’t match your genetics? What if you have one shared culture at home and another at work/ school. A black child living in a predominantly white suburb, or a white child with asian friends? Or if you come from a mixed heritage family?

    This is why this question is so hard to deal with in America. And, personally, I think that, because of these issues, you often do more harm than good trying to police people’s cultural expressions. Albeit, as long as it’s not intentionally done out of malice, mocking or trying to pass something off as original…

  14. Comprehensive Reparations (House Bill HR 40) in Congress.

  15. So if i have my hair braided for example, while i am not black, is that considered to be cultural appropriation? If yes, then when black women for example straighten their hair, doesn't that considered cultural appropriation as well? And if i wear a kimono while i am not japanese, does that considered cultural appropriation too?, or is it only hair that offend people? Like let's be serious…

  16. Culture appropriation is strange to me because I agree with some of it while shaking my head to others. For example if you wear a sexy Native American outfit for halloween I understand the anger because their traditions shouldn’t be made a mockery but if someone gets angry at someone wearing braids it just seems forced then. People wanting to be a victim of cultural appropriation.

  17. I didn't know me eating Mexican food would be offensive to others.
    Who knew?
    lol

  18. This a well rounded argument that is unbiased and attacks the argument from all sides. Appreciate the content, and would love to converse with the author.

  19. God bless u for wearing ur natural hair. Its so Beautiful

  20. Cultural appropriation is a social construct designed to confuse people who have not discovered that all cultures are, and have been forever, subject to the influence of other cultures. All cultures can feel guilty of accomplishing the very thing they accuse other cultures of whenever they change.

    Feel any better?

  21. Its when blacks start collecting every cultures females like they are the dindu's personal sex doll from birth.

  22. PBS, NPR, wnyc…all full of shit, smelling their own farts toxic liberals

  23. So I was thinking and had this question on my mind for a long time. If one is mixed of two different ethnicities, can that person adopt both cultures if they were taught both of the cultures.

    Secondly, can it be called culture appropriation when a person wears or does anything of the sort that represent that culture but that person also learned and has experienced the culture?

    Thirdly, if one is of different ethnicity, for an example if a white child was adopted by a black person can he or she embrace the African culture that she was raised, by wearing box braids or anything of the sort?

  24. I thought I might learn something here, but it's nothing more than liberal dribble. As soon as you start calling the appropriators the "dominant cultures", and paint the victims of the supposed appropriations, the marginalized cultures, it's a minority dog whistle. The old claim that, "we can't be racists, because we're Black" sort of BS. The appropriation thing has spread to hair styles and food. There are no victims, just pissed off minorities that don't like White people.

  25. So the whole idea is based on feeling . Either misrepresenting the culture or not. There's always the people who feel appropriate and the people who feel inappropriate and go freak out about it.
    .
    Ps: I never understand such person that makes complexity to confuse the other.

  26. ok they do something difrent so what? i mean there are actuly alot of thing japan copys from the usa

  27. I appreciate the video but feel more confused and conflicted than ever. I’m a white woman of Scottish descent and LOVE when other non-Scottish people come to Highland games, see our tartans, and try the food. I also really, really enjoy learning from other cultures art, clothing, and food. The part of the argument that always gets is privilege. If Kim Kardashian wears cornrows, why is that wrong. She is married to a black man and has biracial children. Why does the color of her skin or heritage bar her from enjoying a hairstyle.

  28. So Aladdin 2019 is just Will Smith making cultural appropriation look good?

  29. If your confused it’s because you should be. This is a stupid topic made to victimize people

  30. The most impressing fact about cultural appropriation is that doesn't exist O:

  31. I feel too dumb to get this lol can someone just explain this in the most simplest of terms??

  32. Can I check out from planet earth? I don't wanna die, I just don't want to be here anymore.

  33. You're using a video camera and spreading your philosophies over our internet. Stop appropriating my white culture.

  34. I cant concentrate with that sweater wrap around her. I, I can't I'm sorry

  35. I find it very disturbing manner which all non europeans are exploited considering this USA was built by persons of color,rail,buildings of major cities alot of people liked John Wayne yet he spit and kicked those different from him hate will keep existing until those down trodden stand up speak truth and make USA a wonderful country of acceptance.

  36. Cultural appropriation doesn't exist. Another political tool used to trick dumb people.

  37. when Bollywood made the song "Lungi dance" in the movie "Chennai Express", it was a huge misinterpretation almost along the lines of mockery, (a poorly written comedy), on the people of South India especially Tamil Nadu, there was a huge reaction to this ,not that many people ever watch Bollywood, a counter song to this by a Tamil standup comedian went viral, its been long battle for dominance for the Hindi speaking belt, but alas they should regard the federal nature of India, and that 22 languages have been recognized as official languages, among them several classical languages. But despite the commercial nature of Bolly wood, Several regional movie industries fill in this artistic and cultural gap in certain cases forming exclusive audiences, especially in the south. that said Bollywood has had a fair share of well written and directed movies, but regardless is on a spiraling trend, culture is to be celebrated , well written comedies are welcomed , tolerance is a nature in our multi-lingual, multi-ethnic society. With that said celebration of our differences is a key aspect to our co-existence.

  38. So I've heard some people have a problem with non-Arab people (aka white people) doing bellydance. I have participated in bellydance lessons (my teacher was a Moroccan/dutch woman), I have enjoyed it a lot and continue to enjoy it to this day. Then I came across this post about a woman who had taken offence that 'white women' were engaging in bellydance, proclaiming they should not be doing this dance because 'cultural appropriation'. This infuriated me to no ends. This dance is to unify women! Who are you to divide women like that??? Who are you to exclude anyone from learning this dance? It is not YOURS. It's OURS, a dance ALL women (and men!) should have access to! Shame on you for DIVIDING people!!!! RESPECT culture, don't CLAIM ownership to culture!!!

  39. Everyone wearing jeans and a t-shirt is appropriating a certain culture. Give me a break.

  40. Cultural appropriation is a very good thing. People advance by improving as a species. When they see something done better then the way they do it and make it there own they improve. It may sometimes not be priety but it is necessary

  41. If it is like that the world is appropriating Greek culture by using Democracy

  42. I feel like we should be abled to like culture as much as we want. But not make fun of them.

  43. There is no cultural appropriation, only cultural appreciation. Black people also straighten their hair and dye it blond. Some even bleach their skin (e.g. Beyonce or Rihanna).

    Cultures are constantly changing and people are exchanging ideas. In a multicultural society everyone should be allowed to celebrate different cultures.

    If you really are against "cultural appropriation" then you aren't allowed to use inventions of white people.
    No internet. No smartphone. No TV. No medication. No electricity. No cars. No airplanes. Deal?

  44. ’’ Though Much Is Taken, Much Yet Abides; And Though We Are Not Now That Strength Which In Old Days Moved Earth And Heaven; That Which We Are, Yet Still We Are; Ard-Druida Na hErenn Maoil-Seachlainn II

  45. White people don't have a culture of their own so they steal everyone else's and profit from it.

  46. Culture appropriation doesn't exist. Everybody can imitate and even make fun of another culture. We don't have to be all sensitive flowers offended by things wich have no importance.

  47. Okay, so question. I like to cosplay and I have always wanted to wear a Kimono that represents a season, it's from a play that I saw in Japan once. I know the history of the Kimono and I have studied the proper way to wear it. Is my wanting to wear it to show my appreciation for it's beauty and history "appreciation" or because I'm a white American is it considered "appropriation"? I really want to understand it. I will be making the Kimono myself following a pattern from Japan, and not a mass produced store bought one that is to short or gimmicky.

  48. How do you address the fact that some cultures often share a behavior? Such as wearing hats or head scarves?

  49. Here's the thing:

    If we can pretend I'm a minority culture for the moment, to make the point … take notes, now. In order for me to have a say-so in how my culture is approached by other people, I have to get them to buy into the argument that I have some privilege over that culture that they don't have.

    That privilege is power; it's the power to dictate over other persons this small part of the human experience, that my culture lays claim to by virtue of having devised its sentiments and rituals separately from others.

    But how do I acquire this privilege? I'm born to it. It is bequeathed unto me by birth. I didn't make the culture, I was invested into it as a child and that's my claim to the power it gives me over other persons.

    So it is hereditary power. Power derived from birth.

    Excuse me, but we ousted that sort of power quite some time ago. We discarded Divine Right as a method of determining power when we granted EQUALITY to everyone. No one is divine. No one has a right to power they've been born to. The whole fabric of this argument of appropriation is based upon a defunct principle that this democracy is founded upon abolishing.

    People will argue that they have a right to own their culture, that their culture gives them power and that challenging their culture robs them of their power. But that is the exact POINT. Democracy is not founded on HAVING power, but SHARING power. Those who argue their power depends upon their control of it are demogogues, whatever their feelings or their motivations. They're absent the sentiment of generosity of that culture, to the benefit of every human being who has a right to the benefits of ALL the work that ALL human beings have contributed to the grand experiment.

  50. People who are offended by cultural appropriation should go back to the country of origin of said appropriated culture….. so they won't be offended….

    The entire concept of it only pertaining to the "group in power" taking…. basically discredits the concept for the loony tunes victim hood mentality that spawned it.

    Oh and if I can't dress like a classic Mexican for Halloween…. any POC should probably stop using electricity…

  51. Everyone partakes in cultural appropriation. To me the problem occurs when people appropriate something in order to mock it/ be racist to it etc. For instance dressing up in blackface and animal skins while making grunting noises is awful and racist and nasty. But a white person wearing braids and an shirt with traditional african patterns because it looks cool is fine. She isn't doing it to offend a group, but because it looks cool. However modern discourse on CA has turned it into a tiered system, where appropriation of any white culture is ok, but any appropriation of a non white culture is evil and fascist.

    Culture is hugely varied and changing all the time, to try and segregate people into their own culture is not productive to a diverse and tolerant society, especially when certain forms of appropriation are deemed good. Consider for a moment a wealthy African family moves to the USA. If they started to adopt African American culture, would that be CA?, This rich family never suffered slavery or Jim Crowe, they moved into a well off neighbourhood with their wealth allowing the kids lots of opportunities. On the flip side, Braids were often used in Africa to indicate tribe/age/marital status/power/religion etc. Would an African American wearing a braid that represents an African tribe and religion that they are not part of be problematic?

  52. A lot of questions/confusion surrounding cultural appropriation as to when is it right if ever. SImply put, I believe any time you take another people's creations, beliefs, possessions and culture specifically associated with that culture and use it to benefit yourself and to gain you profit…then that's cultural appropriation. The fact that someone like a kardasian would wear dreadlocks is not in itself offensive but yet it is because she is a public persona and thus that particular affectation is cultural to a race not her own and she is exploiting it even if innocently for her benefit! It is not beneficial to the culture of origin, only to the wearer.

  53. Other races shouldn't be allowed on the Internet because it's a part of the white culture

  54. I think that someone borrowing an aspect of another culture can show appreciation for the culture. I like to curl my hair into an afro style, and I'm Hispanic, but I just like the style. I'm not trying to take away from black culture, and I've asked black people about it and they don't care. A black kid once told me she likes that I'm rocking their style. Most people don't care. Nobody cares.

  55. So if I am a European descended Canadian and wanted to make a video of me doing a version of Mexican Cumbia dance …. would i get in trouble for cultural appropriation ?

  56. All culture is comprised of a bunch of things divorced from a previous context. Thats how all cultures evolve and develop. Without repurposing and remixing random elements of raw "cultural" material picked up from literally anywhere, humanity would still be drawing circles in the dirt.

  57. This hasn't changed my mind.
    This ideology has too many preconceived notions.
    I'll give one example.
    I don't believe in intellectual property.
    Once you tell a "secret" it gets spread around. That's a natural process (now if they told the secret and had them sign a non disclosure agreement then there will be repercussions per the agreement). Information cannot be suppressed, doing so would require force against a persons freedom of speech

  58. I'm Irish, does everyone who isn't Irish engage in cultural appropriation every St. Patricks Day?

  59. Thank you for your thoughts on Cultural Mis-propriations of the different cultures in our midst. Upon considering your information , whic I immensely enjoyed I was unaware of the protest made at the Academy's Awards in the aknowledgement of Native Americans. I'm a little ashamed that I had read that book The God Father and saw the movie but never was aware of our fellow Americans delima and their movement at Wounded Knee. And this just proves how some become jaded about a group by media depictions or the theft or ownership of other's valuables be they culture, Artifacts and even misunderstood facts about fellow Human Beings. I was pleased to come across your videos as I enjoyed your piece on how Africans were deported from Africa. I have subscribed. 😄

  60. Question, what would an example of Scottish cultural appropriation be?

  61. I learnt redemption song by Bob Marley on my guitar. I love singing and playing it but I'm a white guy in the UK. I've decided not to perform it at open mic. But the majority of my white friends say I'm "thinking too much".
    Thoughts please? Thanks

  62. I once met with a group of people who told me they used to shave white males against their will because they had dreadlocks. I got very angry with them because they were doing it based on the skin colour of the men wearing it. I think this is objecively racist. What do you think of that?

  63. Just don't make a caricature out of someone's culture! It seems a bigger issue in the states where every white person thinks they are Cherokee, as well as Irish, Scottish, German, Dutch, sometimes something from the Baltic, French is for the Canadians and also Italian, but that can't be faked! It is easier for us Brits who pretty much identify to where we were born! My father was born in Ireland and he is Irish. My mother was born in England and she is English. I was born in England so I am English or British. I do however find it very insulting the tedious caricature of Irish people in American holidays and films… With Red hair, green fucking clothes, whiskey drinking, tap dancing, rags to riches bollocks. Oh and every Disney villain speaks RP! Anyway spit spot I have to be perfect in every fucking way!

  64. It’s an idiotic concept created by far left psychopaths. Just saved you 10 shitty minutes.

  65. As a non-US citizen, I'm still confused with this whole "cultural appropriation". Especially in the part that says, the 'appropriation' is done by the more powerful/dominant society toward the lesser ones.

    Let's try example outside US, like when Indonesia said that Malaysia steal their culture, does it mean that Indonesia claimed Malaysia doing cultural appropriation? Or what about Japan? As their Kimono is development of Han Chinese traditional clothing called Hanfu, is it safe to say that they appropriate Chinese culture? Eventhough 'the accusers' may claim the 'accused' do steal, but I think subjectively they won't say that the accused ones are more dominant than them. And Hanfu had been 'appropriated' even far before Japan colonized China, so Japan wasn't a dominant toward China when they 'appropriated' it. It's even reversed, the Japanese were like Chinese culture fans like how many countries nowadays are K-Pop fans and then emulate K-Pop fashions.

    But say, a Dutch buffet tradition called Rijsttafel is cultural appropriation toward Indonesian culture, isn't it? Because they were a colonizer (so basically dominant) at the time it was found.

  66. I guess using electricity is a white culture, so would be driving cars. This would mean…….? You get it!

  67. Thanks, Danielle. Your explanation helped me better understand what I see as one of the most complicated topics with respect to addressing racism and white supremacy. Maybe for an addendum to this video, you could take apart a few specific examples and talk about appropriation v appreciation.

  68. Most cultures have taken something from another culture, adopted it, changed it. However, especially the changing part seems to be highly criticised at the moment. Generally, it’s met with ideas such as that you can’t use soemthing from a culture and change it which would remove it’s original origin. But a lot of cultures stems from that idea, just look at the many pantheons of Gods that exist. Nordic, Greek, Roman etc. So if the culture that I’m ”taking from” benefited from taking from another culture, why is that wrong?

  69. How can I , a Hispanic man living in the US can tell a White anglo to not use a Mexican hat because of "cultural appropriation" and then turn around and get in my car , a white anglo invention , use my phone a white anglo invention , dress in white western style clothing and then go eat at McDonalds a white Western style restaurant…It doesn't make any sense to me , just sounds like pure hypocrisy.

  70. WHAT IS CULTURAL APPROPRIATION ? The answer is simple and it doesn't take much for anyone who can think on their own. This is just another one of the many tactics thought out by the extreme left-wing in the USA to divide us all. This tactic is especially guided towards the white race. This doesn't make any sense , I'm a legal immigrant Hispanic and I urge all of those like me to reject this evil , racist and inhuman stupidity.

  71. LEGAL THOUGHTS The idea is an ILLEGAL ONE. Persecution quoting Cultural Appropriation also has no legal backing and is contrary under International Law in America, Europe and Japan to persecute a person under the treaty signed after WW2 and again signed 2005, Cultural Appropriation contravenes the law passed of Freedom of Expression part of the peace treaty Geneva Convention. Anybody receiving hateful messages against the Geneva Convention section Freedom of Expression may be entitled to ask police for details of those involved for at least a private prosecution enforcing the laws the Geneva Convention allows them. I suspect only a small range of lawyers will take prosecution seriously but you can try.

  72. So when other countries and cultures wear blue denim jeans they are stealing our American culture?! Is that what I’m understanding?! Hmmm. So only Americans can wear blue jeans.

  73. Hi. New to the channel and loved it. You made me already change my mind about the topic. But, there's another side to it. The backlash! People white, Caucasian, religious, etc. Feel that they're stepping on eggshells. You may assume that since my picture is an White Caucasian dude, that I'm WASP. But I'm not! I get confused whenever I have to fill up a form that asks : Are you White, African American, Hispanic, Asian, Native American, …. At one time I was filling up a form like that and next to me was an Indian (a guy from India). And we both look at each other and said… WTF! I'm from Brazil. I live in Brazil, and as you can see in a short conversation people will assume that I'm American. But I'm not a Hispanic by any means. I'm a native Portuguese speaker. I had to learn Spanish and English as an adult. Even with Brazil being surrounded by Spanish speaking countries we mostly have Portuguese, African, and a "melting pot", as in America. My Indian friend put in his form African American and I put Hispanic even as I don't identify as such. This balance may change, as Venezuelans are fleeing into the country (I welcome refugees), and some of Brazilian culture has affected other nations. Argentinians have Carnaval now! Go figure?

  74. Sounds a lot like what the Arab Apologist Edward Said said in Orientalism. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fVC8EYd_Z_g

  75. What is cultral appropriation? An excuse for feminazi's to hassle ordinary people minding their business.

  76. Cultural appropriation is a fashionable myth. And the examples given in the presentation aren't even consistent.

    The Hollywood representation of the Native American has nothing to do with cultural appropriation but with cultural misrepresentation and revisionism.

    The concept of cultural appropriation as it's applied today, or at least as it has infiltrated in the popular imagination, is just silly. Culture by definition is appropriation.

    It's hard to imagine a single culture, not even the insulated early Chinese, as not appropriating the culture of others, whether indigenous tribes, local communities or more global interactions even in cultures of insularity, a reality popularly represented in the musical "The King and I."

    The richness of American culture (but really, of all cultures) is its cross-fertilization, to use a less politically charged equivalent. At a certain point it becomes difficult to tell which culture is dominant and which exploited.

    In any case, in the popular use by the media, the concept is just plain silly. Is a Caucasian American culturally appropriating the Chinese xi-pao, as was recently in the news? Do Asians appropriate Western, specifically Italian culture, by drinking espresso coffee, or at least drinking it in culturally-specific ways or eating Italian food in culturally specific ways (with chopsticks)? Are Americans culturally appropriating Chinese dishes that Chinese reject as authentic, such as chop suey or chow mein, or eating them with spoons?

    Is Scotch on the rocks, such as Americans drink it, cultural appropriation of the beverage? What about drinking refrigerated red wine, or with ice cubes in the glass, or mixed with seltzer? Arguably the most famous example of cultural appropriation is the Christian New Testament. Virgil was similarly a cultural appropriation of Homer, as Dante was of Virgil. We need a Portia to divide the flesh from the blood in an issue such as this, largely made up by the ideology of political correctness.

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